Computational mechanics emphasizes the development of mathematical models representing physical phenomena and applies modern computing methods to analyze these phenomena. It draws on the disciplines of physics, mechanics, mathematics and computer science, and encompasses applying numerical methods to various problems in science and engineering.

The general scope of work in computational mechanics includes fundamental studies of multiscale phenomena and processes in civil engineering, from kilometer-scale problems to a much finer scale up to and including the nano-scale. Current research in computational mechanics dealing with kilometer-scale problems includes numerical simulation of folding and fracturing of sedimentary rock strata using combined elastoplastic-damage continuum theory along with enhanced finite element FE methods for shear localization analysis, as well as simulation of regional-scale earthquake fault nucleation and propagation using a finite deformation stick-slip law with a variable coefficient of friction.

applications of numerical methods in civil engineering ppt

Research dealing with meter-scale problems includes development of constitutive models for new high-performance materials such as ductile fiber-reinforced concrete and modeling of nonlinear response of structural systems that use high-performance composite materials.

Measurement and calibration are key to a successful development of computational algorithms and numerical models at different scales. Light Detection and Ranging LiDAR technology, including laser scanning, GPS and digital imagery, provides high-resolution topographic data to constrain kilometer-scale fold models and decameter-long, centimeter-thickness fractures.

At the other end of the spectrum lie the advances of 3D digital imaging of lab specimens using X-ray computed tomography with micron-scale resolution. Combined with traditional testing of centimeter- and meter-scale lab specimens, numerical models can now reach a level of mathematical sophistication commensurate with our ability to measure relevant response variables.

A great challenge in computational mechanics research is bridging the different scales without sacrificing resolution. For example, effort is underway to bridge the gap between continuum-scale and atomistic molecular dynamics through combining the particle-based LB approach with the continuum-based FE method to model the fluid flow hydrodynamics through porous rocks. For a computational technique to be competitive, it is essential to consider not only the spatial and temporal discretization procedures but also how the equations will be solved.

While it is generally acknowledged that parallel supercomputing offers considerable promise for solving large problems of practical interest, it is important to recognize that new algorithms and data structures have to be developed to exploit the new discretization methods and attack the intrinsic difficulties of the problem being addressed.

Adaptive and stabilized solution schemes based on error estimation also provide unique challenges for solver technology. Current work in our group involves the development of new solution algorithms for multiscale statics and dynamics problems related to parallel and distributed computing. Stanford School of Engineering. Skip to content Skip to navigation. Civil and Environmental Engineering. Search form Search. Computational Mechanics. Contact Us CEE.

Y2E2, Via Ortega, Room Stanford, CA Program Contacts. Campus Map. Connect Facebook.Toggle navigation. Help Preferences Sign up Log in. View by Category Toggle navigation. Products Sold on our sister site CrystalGraphics. Title: S Introduction to Numerical Methods. Description: Numerical methods shouldn't be used blindly. Course outline More mathematical: S.

Tags: conte introduction methods numerical s Latest Highest Rated. Burden, J. Faires, Numerical Methods, 3rd ed. More mathematical S.

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applications of numerical methods in civil engineering ppt

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All for free. Most of the presentations and slideshows on PowerShow.Looks like you are currently in Russia but have requested a page in the United States site. Would you like to change to the United States site? Joel H. Undetected location. NO YES. Numerical Methods for Engineering Applications, 2nd Edition. About the Author Table of contents.

Selected type: Hardcover. Added to Your Shopping Cart. This is a dummy description. State-of-the-art numerical methods for solving complex engineering problems Great strides in computer technology have been made in the years since the popular first edition of this book was published.

Several excellent software packages now help engineers solve complex problems. Making the most of these programs requires a working knowledge of the numerical methods on which the programs are based. Numerical Methods for Engineering Application provides that knowledge. While it avoids intense mathematical detail, Numerical Methods for Engineering Application supplies more in-depth explanations of methods than found in the typical engineer's numerical "cookbook.

Numerical Methods For Engineering

Ordinary differential equations are examined in great detail, as are three common types of partial differential equations--parabolic, elliptic, and hyperbolic. The author also explores a wide range of methods for solving initial and boundary value problems.

It also serves as an excellent upper-level text for physics and engineering students in courses on modern numerical methods.

Ferziger holds a doctorate in nuclear engineering from the University of Michigan. His other books include Computational Methods for Fluid Dynamics. Table of contents Short Review of Linear Algebra. Ordinary Differential Equations: I. Initial Value Problems. Ordinary Differential Equations: II. Boundary Value Problems.Building Technology ppt. Building Technology as the name suggests deals with how technology is used in construction and infrastructure industry.

This branch basically deals with construction methodologies and building materials that can enhance the function and performance of the structures. You can browse through various Building Technology ppts and download it.

All presentations are prepared by experts from the industry. Concrete Technology ppt. Concrete and Cement are the most widely used building materials in the construction industry for over years. Over the years, this construction material has been enhanced and developed to fit to the usage and requirements at site. Several researches are happening around this topic to increase the durabilitystrength and performance of this building material.

This section brings you various ppts on Concrete technology topics for your download. Disaster Management ppt. Disaster management is a branch close to Civil Engineering industry as it is important because the structures are prone to natural or man-made disasters and calamities. Corrective, preventive and mitigation actions are to be chosen and deployed carefully to ensure the life safety of the users.

You will be able to learn more on disaster management topic through this collection of presentations. Environmental Engineering ppt. With rapid urbanization and industrialization, demand of natural resources have increased many fold. This makes it important to protect, manage and reuse these resources ensuring sustainable development. Water management, pollution control, waste management and recycling are the major civil ppts covered in environmental engineering section. This stream of engineering is getting noticed and popular nowadays due to public awareness and resource conservation campaigns.

Structural Engineering ppt. Structural Engineering is the back bone of civil engineering and is one of the most sophisticated branch in civil engineering.

Hence, the subject is very vast and advancing over time. The branch basically deals with analysis and design of structures. The design materials are usually wood, concrete, steelPSC and other advanced materials.

This branch has always attracted young civil engineers to pursue a careen in. It deals with design of buildings, bridges, dams, ports and other utility structures. You can access wide range of civil presentations on structural engineering here.Over the last hundred years, many techniques have been developed for the solution of ordinary differential equations and partial differential equations. While quite a major portion of the techniques is only useful for academic purposes, there are some which are important in the solution of real problems arising from science and engineering.

In this chapter, only very limited techniques for solving ordinary differential and partial differential equations are discussed, as it is impossible to cover all the available techniques even in a book form. The readers are then suggested to pursue further studies on this issue if necessary. After that, the readers are introduced to two major numerical methods commonly used by the engineers for the solution of real engineering problems.

Numerical Methods In Civil Engineering

Dynamical Systems - Analytical and Computational Techniques. To begin with, a differential equation can be classified as an ordinary or partial differential equation which depends on whether only ordinary derivatives are involved or partial derivatives are involved.

The differential equation can also be classified as linear or nonlinear. In Eq. The general solution of non-homogeneous ordinary differential equation ODE or partial differential equation PDE equals to the sum of the fundamental solution of the corresponding homogenous equation i. A nonlinear differential equation is generally more difficult to solve than linear equations.

It is common that nonlinear equation is approximated as linear equation over acceptable solution domain for many practical problems, either in an analytical or numerical form. This approach is adopted for the solution of many non-linear engineering problems. Without such procedure, most of the non-linear differential equations cannot be solved.

Differential equation can further be classified by the order of differential. In general, higher-order differential equations are difficult to solve, and analytical solutions are not available for many higher differential equations. A linear differential equation is generally governed by an equation form as Eq. Truly nonlinear in the sense that F is nonlinear in the derivative terms.

Quasi-linear 1st PDE if nonlinearity in F only involves u but not its derivatives. Quasi-linear 2nd PDE if nonlinearity in F only involves u and its first derivative but not its second-order derivatives. Many engineering problems are governed by different types of partial differential equations, and some of the more important types are given below. There are many methods of solutions for different types of differential equations, but most of these methods are not commonly used for practical problems.

In this chapter, the most important and basic methods for solving ordinary and partial differential equations will be discussed, which will then be followed by numerical methods such as finite difference and finite element methods FEMs. For other numerical methods such as boundary element method, they are less commonly adopted by the engineers; hence, these methods will not be discussed in this chapter.

For equations which can be expressed in separable form as shown below, the solution can be obtained easily as. This quadratic equation in y 2 can be solved with two solutions by the quadratic equation as. Since the second solution does not satisfy the boundary condition, it will not be accepted; hence, the solution to this differential equation is obtained. For the following equation form, it is possible to solve it by variations of parameters.

Comparing the terms, it gives. Substitute it to the ODE. The Bernoulli equation is an important equation type which can be solved in a similar way by variation of parameters. Consider the following form of equation. Inverting z to get y. For equation of the following type, where all the coefficients are constant, it can be evaluated according to different conditions.

The resulting non-linear ODE is hence separable and can be solved implicitly. There are various tricks to solve the differential equations, like integration factors and other techniques. A very good coverage has been given by Polyanin and Nazaikinskii [ 29 ] and will not be repeated here. The purpose of this section is just for illustration that various tricks have been developed for the solution of simple differential equations in homogeneous medium, that is, the coefficients are constants inside a continuous solution domain.

The readers are also suggested to read the works of Greenberg [ 14 ], Soare et al.Underlying any engineering application is the use of Numerical Methods. Numerical Methods are also all the techniques encompassing iterative solutions, matrix problems, interpolation and curve fitting.

As you can tell, this page is going to be extensive, but it will give you many tools to help you solve problems. As a side note, I feel that many engineering students are never introduced, formally, to Engineering Numerical Methods. This page is representative of what I believe to be the most effective and common methods of solving problems I like avoiding BS.

Here is what I'll Cover:. Well, every engineering problem is represented as an equation or a system of equations. When we have a system of equations, we have a system of variables that need to be solve.

The 'solved variables' represent the solution to our problem. We may have something like this:. Each equation can be written in the matrix form as follows:. A represents the matrix of coefficients in equations 1, 2, and 3. Let's move forward to solving this system of linear equations. Naive Gauss Elimination The idea behind solving a system of equations is to eliminate unknowns. The following picture demonstrates what we are trying to accomplish.

Here we can see that a values in the [A] matrix are being eliminated in each iteration step of 'upper triangularizing' the [A] matrix. So, how is this accomplished using Naive Gauss Elimination?

Well, this method is called naive because it does not precondition the matrix my pivoting row or columns, it also doesn't allow for 'selective harvesting' or eliminating of individual entries of [A] to make our life easier. This is accomplished by first doing forward iteration as follows. For equation 2 second row divide equation 1 row one by a 11 and multiply by a Now, subtract this from row 2 to eliminate the first entry. For the [3x3] case, the only remaining entries will be a 22 and a This process must be repeated for each respective row until the matrix is fully reduced to the upper-triangular form.

Note that entries that operate as a denominator must not be zero.

applications of numerical methods in civil engineering ppt

Let's look at an example USF of the entire process. Back Substitution is used in this example to solve for the unknowns in the reduced matrix. The method is a bit cumbersome and falls apart when entries are zero. This is also the only reason I am teaching 2 methods of solving systems of equations.After you enable Flash, refresh this page and the presentation should play.

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Products Sold on our sister site CrystalGraphics. Title: Numerical Methods in Engineering. Description: Computer Science, and Mathematics. EE 4V95 3 credits Fall TR amam Tags: engineering mathematics methods numerical. Latest Highest Rated.

CE 536 Introduction to Numerical Methods for Civil Engineers

William J. Study Numerical Methods!! Whether your application is business, how-to, education, medicine, school, church, sales, marketing, online training or just for fun, PowerShow.

applications of numerical methods in civil engineering ppt

And, best of all, most of its cool features are free and easy to use. You can use PowerShow. Or use it to find and download high-quality how-to PowerPoint ppt presentations with illustrated or animated slides that will teach you how to do something new, also for free. Or use it to upload your own PowerPoint slides so you can share them with your teachers, class, students, bosses, employees, customers, potential investors or the world. That's all free as well!

For a small fee you can get the industry's best online privacy or publicly promote your presentations and slide shows with top rankings. But aside from that it's free. We'll even convert your presentations and slide shows into the universal Flash format with all their original multimedia glory, including animation, 2D and 3D transition effects, embedded music or other audio, or even video embedded in slides.

All for free. Most of the presentations and slideshows on PowerShow.